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Watershed Development Department, GoK, has been implementing the NMSA-RAD program from year 2014-15. During 2014-15 the funding pattern was 100% by Central Share. From 2015-16 the funding pattern was changed to 60:40 (Central: State).

National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) has been formulated for enhancing agricultural productivity especially in rainfed areas focusing on integrated farming, water use efficiency, soil health management and synergizing resource conservation.

NMSA derives its mandate from Sustainable Agriculture Mission which is one of the eight Missions outlined under National Action Plan on Climate Change (NAPCC). The strategies and program of actions (POA) outlined in the Mission Document, that was accorded ‘in principle’ approval by Prime Minister’s Council on Climate Change (PMCCC) on 23.09.2010, aim at promoting sustainable agriculture through a series of adaptation measures focusing on ten key dimensions encompassing Indian agriculture namely; ‘Improved crop seeds, livestock and fish cultures’, ‘Water Use Efficiency’, ‘Pest Management’, ‘Improved Farm Practices’, ‘Nutrient Management’, ‘Agricultural insurance’, ‘Credit support’, ‘Markets’, ‘Access to Information’ and ‘Livelihood diversification’.

NMSA will cater to key dimensions of ‘Water use efficiency’, ‘Nutrient Management’ and ‘Livelihood diversification’ through adoption of sustainable development pathway by progressively shifting to environmental friendly technologies, adoption of energy efficient equipments, conservation of natural resources, integrated farming, etc. Besides, NMSA aims at promoting location specific improved agronomic practices through soil health management, enhanced water use efficiency, judicious use of chemicals, crop diversification, progressive adoption of crop-livestock farming systems and integrated approaches like crop-sericulture, agro-forestry, fish farming, etc.

At least 50% of the allocation is to be utilized for small, marginal farmers of which atleast 30% are women beneficiaries/ farmers. Further 16% & 8% of the total allocation or in proportion of SC/ST population in the district will be utilized for Special Component Plan (SCP) and Tribal Sub Plan (TSP) respectively.


RAD aims at promoting integrated farming system (IFS) with emphasis on multi-cropping, rotational cropping, inter-cropping, mixed-cropping practices with allied activities like horticulture, livestock, fishery, agroforestry, apiculture, conservation/promotion of NTFPs etc.

  1. To enable farmers not only in maximizing the farm returns for sustaining livelihood, but also to mitigate the impacts of drought, flood or other extreme weather events
  2. To make agriculture more productive, sustainable, remunerative and climate resilient by promoting location specific Integrated/Composite Farming Systems;
  3. To conserve natural resources through appropriate soil and moisture conservation measures;
  4. To adopt comprehensive soil health management practices based on soil fertility maps, soil test based application of macro & micro nutrients, judicious use of fertilizers etc.;
  5. To optimize utilization of water resources through efficient water management to expand coverage for achieving ‘more crop per drop’;
  6. To develop capacity of farmers & stakeholders, in conjunction with other ongoing Missions e.g. National Mission on Agriculture Extension & Technology, National Food Security Mission, National Initiative for Climate Resilient Agriculture (NICRA) etc., in the domain of climate change adaptation and mitigation measures;
  7. To pilot models in select blocks for improving productivity of rainfed farming by mainstreaming rainfed technologies refined through NICRA and by leveraging resources from other schemes/Missions like Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS), Integrated Watershed Management Program (IWMP), RKVY etc.;



Depending on the type and extent of natural resources/assets/ commodities already developed or supported, location-specific crops, fruits, vegetables, spices, flowers, feed & fodder, livestock, fisheries, apiculture, mushroom, medicinal & aromatic plantation and related income generating activities would be supported Activities like construction of ponds, land treatment, wells, supply of pumps, micro-irrigation/other water saving devices, seed and sapling support etc. would be converged/supplemented to promote value addition through a sustainable farming system.

Sl. No. Farming System Unit Subsidy (in Rs.)
  A. Integrated Farming System    
1. Horticulture Based Farming System Ha 25000
2. Livestock Based System No.'s 40000
3. Silvi-pastoral system/ NTFP Ha 15000
4. Tree based cropping systems: Cereal/Pulses/Oil Seed with peripheral plantation like drumstick, papaya, citrus species, low density tress/shrubs of economic value etc. Ha 15000
  B. Value addition and Resource Conservation    
1. Apiculture Colony 800
2. Silage Unit (Silage pits) No.'s 125000
3. Community Tank (Community/govt. Land) No.'s 2000000
4. Water application & distribution (pipe/pre cast distribution system) Ha 10000
5. Water lifting devices No.'s 15000
6. In situ moisture con. Ha 4000
7. Vermi compost (permanent) (Converage with MENEGA) No.'s 50000
8. Training on IFS/resource conservation No.'s 10000

Expected Outcome:

NMSA is expected to transform Indian agriculture into more climate resilient production system through suitable adaptation and mitigation measures in domains of both crops and animal husbandry. These measures will help in absorption of improved technology and best practices and promote different coping mechanisms for climatic and non- climatic stresses. While primary focus of NMSA will be conservation and sustainable use of natural resources for food and livelihood security, it will also expand its coverage primarily to rainfed areas by integrating farming systems with livestock and fisheries, so that agricultural production continues to grow in a sustainable manner.

Details of NMSA Operational Guidelines

NMSA Operational Guidelines, Introduction and Objectives

Last Updated: 05-06-2020 12:24 PM Updated By: Admin

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